BASICS (KIHON)

Grading Syllabus

10th – 9th Kyu

Kihon:

From Zenkutsu-dachi:

  • Gedan gamae Chudan Oi-zuki ( step forward)
  • Jodan Age-uke (step back)
  • Chudan Soto-uke (step forward)
  • Gedan Barai (step back)

From Kakiwake:

  • Mae-geri (step forward)
  • Kokutsu-dachi, Shutou-uke (step back)
  • Kumite: – Sanbon-Kumite (Jodan Oi-zuki, Chudan Oi-zuki)

Kata: Kihon Kata One

8th – 7th Kyu

Kihon:  

  • From Zenkutsu-dachi Gedan gamae
  • Chudan Oi-zuki ( step forward)
  • Jodan Age-uke (step back)
  • Chudan Soto-uke (step forward)
  • Koukutsu-dachi, Shutou-uke (step back)
  • Chudan Uchi-uke (step forward) Gedan Barai (step back)
  • From Jiyu-no-kamae, Mae-geri (step forward)
  • Mawatte Gedan-gamae – Mawashi geri
  • From Kiba-dachi • Yoko geri Ke-age • Yoko geri Ke-komi

Kumite:

  • Gohon-Kumite (Jodan Oi-zuki, Chudan Oi-zuki, Mae-geri)

Kata:

  • 8th Kyu: Heian Shodan
  • 7th Kyu: Heian Nidan

6th – 5th – 4th Kyu

6th – 5th – 4th Kyu  

Kihon: 

  • From Zenkutsu- dachi Gedan gamae
  • Chudan Oi-zuki ( step forward)
  • Jodan Age-uke, Gyaku-zuki (step back)
  • Koukutsu-dachi, Shutou-uke (step back)
  • Gedan Barai , Nekoashi-dachi, Chudan Uchi- uke, Zenkutsu dachi, Gyaku-zuki (step forward)
  • Mawatte Gedan gamae
  • • Mae- geri, Oi-zuki (step forward)   Mawatte Gedan gamae
  • • Mawashi -geri (step forward) From Kiba-dachi
  • • Yoko geri Ke-age From Kiba-dachi
  • • Yoko geri Ke-komi Mawatte Gedan gamae
  • • Turning and stepping forward Ura-ken, Gyaku-zuki

Kumite: 

Kihon Ippon Kumite (Jodan Oi-zuki, Chudan Oi-zuki, Mae-geri, Yoko-geri, Mawashi-geri)

Kata:

  • 6th Kyu: Heian Sandan
  • 5th Kyu: Heian Yondan, Junro Shodan
  • 4th Kyu: Heian Godan, Junro Nidan.

3rd – 2nd – 1st Kyu

3rd – 2nd – 1st Kyu Kihon: 

  • From Zenkutsu- dachi Gedan gamae
  • Sanbon-zuki (step forward)
  • Jodan Age- uke, Mae-geri, Gyaku-zuki (step back)
  • Chudan Soto-uke, Kiba-dachi Enpi (step forward)
  • Koukutsu-dachi, Shutou- uke, Nukite (step back)
  •  Gedan Barai, Nekoashi- dachi,
  • Uchi- uke, Zenkutsu –dachi, Ura -zuki, Gyaku-zuki (step forward)
  • Mawatte Gedan gamae) – Same leg Mae-geri, Mawashi-geri (step forward)
  • Mawatte Gedan gamae – Ushiro-geri (step forward)
  • From Kiba-dachi – Changing legs Yoko Ke-age, Ke-komi Mawatte
  • Gedan gamae – Jodan Shutou-uchi, Turning & stepping forward Enpi, returning& stepping back Uchi Jodan Shutou- uchi
  • Mawatte Gedan gamae -Yori-ashi Gyaku-zuki, Step forward Gedan Barai, Yori-ashi Gyaku-zuki, Gedan gamae

Kumite: 

  • Jiyu Ippon Kumite (Jodan Oi-zuki, Chudan Oi-zuki, Mae-geri, Yoko-geri, Mawashi-geri, Ushiro-geri)

Kata:  

  • 3rd Kyu: – All Heian Kata’s ,Tekki Shodan, Junro Sandan –
  • 2nd Kyu: – All Heian Kata’s ~ Tekki Shodan, Junro Yondan – Tokui Kata (Kata of choice) –
  • 1st Kyu: – All Heian Kata’s ~ Tekki Shodan, Junro Godan – Tokui Kata (Kata of choice)

Shodan

Shodan Kihon:  

  • From Zenkutsu-dachi Gedan gamae
  • Long step forward Sanbon-zuki (step forward)
  • Jodan Age-uke, Mae-geri , Gyaku-zuki (step back)
  • Chudan Soto-uke, Kiba-dachi Enpi, Zenkutsu-dachi, Ura-ken, Gyaku-zuki (step forward)
  • Koukutsu-dachi, Shuto-uke, Front leg Mae-geri, Nukite (step back)
  • Gedan Barai, Nekoashi-dachi, Chudan Uchi-uke, Zenkutsu-dachi, Ura-zuki, Yori-ashi Gyaku-zuki (step forward)
  • Mawatte Gedan gamae – Same leg Mae-geri, Mawashi-geri, Gyaku-zuki (step forward)
  • Mawatte Gedan gamae – Ushiro-geri, Gyaku-zuki (step forward)
  • Mawatte Gedan gamae – Turning & stepping forward: Ura-ken, Gyaku-zuki (step forward)
  • Mawatte Gedan gamae From Zenkutsu-dachi. – Same leg Yoko Ke-age, Ke-komi (step forward)
  •  Mawate Gedan gamae -Jodan Soto-uke, sideway inward Yori-ashi Gedan Barai,
  • Front leg Mae-geri, Gyaku-zuki (step forward)

Kumite:

  • Jiyu Kumite

Kata:

  • Heian Shodan  ~
  • Heian Godan Junro Shodan ~
  • Junro Godan , Tekki Shodan,
  • Tokui Kata (Kata of choice)

Nidan

Nidan  Kihon:

  • From Jiyu-no-Kamae Long step forward Kizami-zuki,
  • Sanbon-zuki
  • Long step forward Kizami-zuki, Gyaku-zuki Step Back Age-uke, Mawashi-geri,
  • Ushiro-geri, Ura-ken, Gyaku-zuki
  • Forward Mawashi-geri,
  • step forward Ashi-Barai, Gyaku-zuki
  • Long step forward Kizami-zuki, Mae-geri, Oi-Zuki
  • In place: same leg Mae-geri, Yoko-geri, Mawashi-geri , Ushiro-geri

Kumite:  

  • Jiyu Kumite

Kata:  

  • Shitei Kata (Bassai-Dai, Kanku-Dai, Enpi, Jion, Junro Kata),
  • Tokui Kata (Kata of choice)

Sandan

Sandan  Kumite:     Jiyu Kumite   Kata: –   Shitei Kata (Bassai-Dai, Kanku-Dai, Enpi, Jion, Jitte, Gankaku,  Hangetsu, Junro Kata) – Tokui Kata (Kata of choice)

Yondan

Yondan Kumite: Jiyu Kumite

  • If unable to do Jiyu Kumite, a Karate report must be presented instead, but Jiyu Kumite is preferred   Shitei Kata (All Shotokan Kata and Junro kata) Tokui Kata (Kata of choice)

Basic Stances & Terminology

Common Shotokan Stances

  • Back Stance – Kokutsu Dachi
  • Cat Stance – Neko Ashi Dachi
  • Closed Leg Stance – Heisoku Dachi
  • Crane Leg Stance – Tsuru Ashi Dachi
  • Crossed Leg Stance – Kosa Dachi
  • Foundational Stance – Moto Daichi
  • Front Stance – Zenkutsu Dachi
  • Half Moon Stance – Hangetsu Dachi
  • Horse Stance – Kiba Dachi
  • Hour Glass Stance – Sanchin Dachi
  • Immovable Stance – Fudo Dachi
  • Natural Stance – Shizentai
  • Open Leg Stance – Hachiji Dachi
  • Parellel Stance – Heiko Dachi
  • Ready Stance – Hachinoji Dachi
  • Muwatte – Not necessarily a stance but a foot movement used in turning between stances

Some Terminology

Karate Terms & Commands – English to Japanese

  • Ankle – Ashi-Kubi
  • Attention – Kiotsuke (sounds like Key-oh-zoo-kay)
  • Back – Ushiro (sounds like Oo-she-row)
  • Basic Techniques – Kihon (sounds like Key-hon)
  • Begin/Start – Hajime (sounds like Ha-gee-may)
  • Belt – Obi (sounds like Oh-bee)
  • Block – Uke (sounds like Oo-kay)
  • Body Movement – Tai Sabaki
  • Bow – Rei (sounds like Ray)
  • Breathing Exercises – Kokyu Ho
  • Cat – Neko (i.e. Neko Ashi Dachi = Cat Foot Stance or Cat Stance)
  • Elbow – Empi or Enpi (sounds like En-pee or Em-pee)
  • Elbow Strike – Empi-Uchi (sounds like Em-pee Oo-chee)
  • Focus – Kime Foot – Ashi (sounds like Ah-she)
  • Form or Pattern – Kata (sounds like Ka-ta) Form (Kata)
  • Technique Application – Bunkai (sounds like Boon-kay)
  • Front – Mae
  • Goodbye – Sayonara (sounds like Sa-yoh-na-rah)
  • Hand – Te (sound like Tay)
  • Head – Atama (sounds like Ah-ta-ma)
  • Heel – Kakato (sounds like Ka-ka-toe)
  • I (Me) – Watashi (sounds like Wa-ta-she)
  • Kata Starting Point – Embusen or Enbusen
  • Kick – Geri or Keri (sounds like Geh-ree or Keh-ree)
  • Knee – Hiza (sounds like He-zah)
  • Kneel – Seiza Kneeling Techniques – Seiza Waza
  • Knife Hand – Shuto (sounds like Shoe-toe)
  • Left – Hidari (sounds like Hee-da-ree)
  • Low (Level) – Gedan (sounds like Geh-dan)
  • Mat (Practice/Training Mat) – Tatami (sounds like Ta-ta-me)
  • Meditate – Mokuso
  • Middle (Level) – Chudan (sounds like Choo-dan)
  • One More Time – Mo Ichi Do (sounds like Moe E-chee Doe)
  • No – Iie (sounds like E-ay)
  • No Mind (State of “No Mind”) – Mushin
  • Please – Dozo (sounds like Doe-zoh)
  • Practitioner of Karate – Karateka
  • Pulling Hand (brining hand back to ready position) – Hikite
  • Punch – Tsuki or Zuki (sounds like Zoo-key)
  • Push On Through Difficulties – Oss or Osu.

Strikes / Kicks / Blocks

Elbow Strikes

List of Karate Elbow Strikes

  • Empi Uchi – Elbow Strike (generic term used for all elbow strikes)
  • Mae Empi Uchi – Forward Elbow Strike
  • Mawashi Empi Uchi – Roundhouse Elbow Strike
  • Otoshi Empi Uchi – Downward Elbow Strike
  • Tate Empi Uchi – Upward Elbow Strike
  • Ushiro Empi Uchi – Back Elbow Strike
  • Yoko Empi Uchi – Side Elbow Strike

Hand Strikes

  • Haishu uchi – Back hand strike
  • Haito uchi – Ridge (back of sword) hand strike
  • Ipon ken – Forefinger knuckle strike
  • Ipon nukite ken – First finger spear strike
  • Kai ko ken – Open fist strike
  • Kakuto – Head of the crane / goose neck strike
  • Nakadaka ipon ken – Middle finger knuckle strike
  • Nihon nukite – Two finger spear strike
  • Nukite – Spear hand strike
  • Seiken – Clenched fist strike
  • Shuto uchi – Knife (sword) hand strike
  • Teisho uchi – Palm heel strike
  • Tetsu tsui – [Iron] Hammer fist
  • Uraken uchi – Back fist strike
  • Washi de – Eagle’s beak strike
  • Wan to – Sword arm strike

Punches

  • Age-Zuki (Age-Tsuki) – Uppercut Punch or Rising Punch
  • Choku-Zuki (Choku-Tsuki) – Straight Punch
  • Gyaku-Zuki (Gyaku-Tsuki) – Reverse Punch
  • Haishu Uchi – Back Hand Strike
  • Haito Uchi – Ridge Hand Strike
  • Hasami Zuki – Scissor Punch
  • Kage-Zuki (Kage-Tsuki) – Hook Punch
  • Kizami-Zuki (Kizami-Tsuki) – Jab Punch
  • Mawashi-Zuki (Maswashi-Tsuki) – Roundhouse Punch
  • Morote-Zuki (Morote-Tsuki) – Double Fist Punch or Double U Punch
  • Nukite – Spear Hand Strike
  • Nihon Nukite – Two Finger Spear
  • Oi-Zuki (Oi-Tsuki) – Lunge Punch
  • Shotei Uchi – Palm Heel Strike or Palm Strike
  • Shuto Uchi – Knife Hand Strike
  • Tate-Zuki (Tate-Tsuki) – Vertical Punch
  • Teisho uchi – Palm Heel Strike
  • Tobikomi Zuki – Snap Punch
  • Uraken Uchi – Back Fist Strike
  • Ura-Zuki (Ura-Tsuki) – Upside-Down Punch or Inverted Punch (To The Solar Plexus)
  • Yama-Zuki (Yama-Tsuki) – Two-Level Double Punch or Mountain Punch

Related Punch & Strike Terminology

  • Zuki or Tsuki – Punch
  • Uchi – Strike
  • Jodan – High Section (i.e. High Punch – Jodan Zuki)
  • Chudan – Middle Section
  • Gedan – Low Section

Kicks

Ashi barai: Foot sweep

Fumikomi Geri: Stomp kick

Hiza geri: Knee strike

Kin geri: Kick in the groin, performed like front kick but with the feet

Mae-ashi geri: Front kick with front leg

Mae-ashi mawashi geri: Front roundhouse kick with front leg

Mae geri: Front kick

Mae Hiza geri: Front knee kick

Mae-ren geri: Double front kick (= double mae geri)

Tobi mae geri: Front flying/jump kick

Tobi yoko geri: Jumping side kick

Tobi mawashi geri: Jumping roundhouse kick

Tobi mikazuki geri: Jumping crescent kick

Tobi gyaku mikazuki geri: Jumping reverse crescent Spin

tobi ushiro geri: Jumping spinning back kick

Tobi ushiro kagi geri: Jumping spinning hook kick

Tobi hiza geri: Jumping knee kick

Oi Mae Geri: Lunging rear-leg front kick

Mawashi geri: Round kick

Mawashi hiza geri: Circular knee kick

Mikazuki geri: Crescent kick

Gyaku mikazuki geri: Reverse Crescent kick

Nidan tobi geri: Double jump front kick Ura mawashi geri or

Kagi geri: Upper inside round kick, a.k.a. hook kick

Ushiro geri: Back kick

Ushiro mawashi geri : spinning hook kick

Ushiro kekomi: Back side thrust kick

Otoshi Mawashi Geri: Circular falling kick

Yoko geri keage: Side snap kick

Yoko geri kekomi: Side thrust kick

Yoko tobi geri: Jumping side kick

Ono Geri: Axe Kick

Yoni Tsokia: Ducking leg hook[1]

Ushiro Hiza Geri : back spinning knee strike

otshi Hiza Geri : circular falling knee strike

kakato Geri :kick with heels to jaw

ura kakato geri: upper inside roundhouse heel kick

otoshi kakato geri: circular falling heel kick to head or spine

Hasu geri: lotus kick, or reverse roundhouse kick

Kakudo geri: Angle kick

JKS KARATE KIHON

BY SHIHAN KAGAWA

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